Introduction

Section I: The Genesis of the Sciences of Spirit

Chapter One
The Precursors of Hegel’s Philosophy
1. A New Science of History. Giambattista Vico
2. History: The Individual in Organic Development.
Johann Gottfried von Herder
3. History within the Limits of Reason.
Immanuel Kant
4. Schelling and Historismus

Chapter Two
Goethe and Hegel
1. Agency in History. The “Napoleon” Case
a) The Daemonic Napoleon (Goethe)
b) Napoleon-A Pawn of
Universal Fate (Tolstoy
c) Napoleon-The World-Soul
on Horseback (Hegel)
2. Overcoming the Separation between
Understanding and Feeling
Hegel and the Sciences of Spirit

Section II: Breaking-Up with Hegel

Chapter Three
Historismus and Hermeneutics without
Speculative Thinking
1. Understanding and Feeling. The Conflict between Hegel
and Schleiermacher
2. Understanding the Historic Individual outside the
Boundaries of Idealism. Leopold von Ranke
3. Understanding and Erlebnis. Wilhelm Dilthey
a) The Methodology of the Sciences of Spirit between Hegel and Dilthey
b) Hegel in Dilthey’s Hermeneutical
Interpretation

Chapter Four
Objectivity in the Sciences of Spirit
1. Hermann Lotze.
The Aesthetic Foundation of Axiology
a) From Aesthetic Beauty to Beauty as an
Axiological Model
b) The Relationship between Absolute and
Teleological Idealism.
2. From Windelband to Rickert
a) The Nomothetic-Idiographic Dichotomy
b) Gnoseological Axiology and History.
Heinrich Rickert
c) Begriffsbildung and the Critical
Philosophy of History
3. Max Weber. The Problem of Objectivity

Chapter Five
Hegelian Echoes in the Late 19th Century
1. The Concept of Spirit and the Formation
of Sociology. Émile Durkheim
2. Ernst Cassirer. The Dialectics of Symbolic Forms

Section III: Back to Hegel
Chapter Six
General Dialectics-Regional Dialectics. Karl Marx
1. Continuities and Discontinuities
between Marx and Hegel
2. The (Critical) Concept of Alienation

Chapter Seven
The Categories of Spiritual Being. Nicolai Hartmann

Chapter Eight
Experience and Truth. H.-G. Gadamer
1. The Ontology of the Hermeneutic Object
a) Physical Phenomenon-Hermeneutic
Phenomenon
b) Everydayness as the Initial Moment of Dialectical Hermeneutics
2. Methodological Issues. New Shapes of Dialectics
a) Understanding-Dialectics-Dialogue
Hegel and the Sciences of Spirit
b) The Perfectibility of Comprehension.
The Problem of Spurious Infinity
3. The Reconfiguration of the Subject-Object
Relationship. The Hermeneutic Subject
a) Hegel’s Criticism Against the Kantian
Subject-Object Separation
b) The Temporality of the Subject
c) The Subjectness of the Subject
4. Experience and Truth
a) The Hermeneutic Concept of Experience
b) Language and Universality
c) The Experience of Truth and
the Truth of Experience
Section IV: The Hegelian Model of the Socio-Political
Sciences

Section IV. A Hegelian Model of the Social-Political Sciences

Chapter Nine
The Speculative Theory of the Sciences of Spirit

1. The Interconnected Principles of the Philosophy
of History (Nicolai Hartmann)
Additions
2. The Theory of the Concept
a) The Movement of the Concept towards
Absolute Knowledge
b) From Erinnerung to All-Encompassment
3. The Logic of the Concept as a Principle of
Understanding Universal History and
the Evolution of the State
Additions
4. The Philosophy of Right, Uniqueness
and the End of History
5. Agency and Freedom in History
Conclusions
Bibliography
Mădălin Onu has worked as Visiting Researcher at the Department of Philosophy of Humboldt University, Berlin (2015) and at the University of Cologne (2013). From 2010 to 2017, Dr Onu taught seminaries on German Idealism at the Faculty of Philosophy and Social-Political Sciences of “Al. I. Cuza” University, Iasi, Romania. He defended his PhD thesis in 2013 and completed the post-doctoral research titled “The Culture of Reason (Kultur der Vernunft) and the Reason of Culture (Vernünftige Bildung). New Insights on Herder’s Philosophy of History” in 2015. Between 2016 and 2018, he worked as a member of the international project “Heritage and Threat (HeAT)”, initiated by the Department of Cross-Cultural and Regional Studies of the University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

His domains of interests are German idealism, hermeneutics, the philosophy of history, axiology and phenomenology.
The present book is based on his PhD thesis titled “Culture and Dialectics. Hegel’s Influence on the Formation of the Sciences of Spirit”.
About the author
Hegel and the Sciences of Spirit
(Geisteswissenschaften)
Madalin Onu
ISBN: 978-1-9996138-0-8
Paperback: 340 p
Size: 12.7 x 17,7 cm (5 x 7 in)
Published May 2018
Price: £40 + shipping
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Description
Table of contents
Table of contents
Description
About the author
In the context of increasingly numerous cultural and political contradictory debates, humanities are facing the difficult responsibility of removing the veil of ambiguity and doubt. However, they cannot fulfil this task without first undertaking a rigorous return upon themselves, their own fundaments, methods and targeted objects.

This book investigates the influence of G.W.F. Hegel on these sciences during their long and controversial process of transformation and consolidation. For this purpose, it developed, on Gadamer’s suggestions, a dialectical-hermeneutical method able to overcome the insufficiencies of both historical and systematic approaches and to properly take into account the significant references to authors of the Modern Age and the Contemporary Era.

In his attempt to advance a speculative model for the present-day social and political sciences, the author brings a new light on some renowned topics including agency in history (Napoleon - Weltgeist or Weltseele on horseback?), the inner structure of the interpreter (Gadamer between Hegel and Heidegger) and the critical concept of alienation (an overthrow or continuity of absolute idealism?), among others..
Introduction
Chapter One
The Precursors of Hegel
s Philosophy

     1. A New Science of History. Giambattista Vico
     2. History: The Individual in Organic Development.
         Johann Gottfried von Herder
     3. History within the Limits of Reason. Immanuel Kant
     4. Schelling and Historismus

Chapter Two
Goethe and Hegel

     1. Agency in History. The
Napoleon Case
               a) The Daemonic Napoleon (Goethe)
               b) Napoleon-A Pawn of Universal Fate (Tolstoy)
               c) Napoleon-The World-Soul on Horseback (Hegel)
     2. Overcoming the Separation between
         Understanding and Feeling

23

23

25
29
34


39

39
39
45
50

58
Chapter Three
Historismus and Hermeneutics without Speculative Thinking

     1. Understanding and Feeling.
         The Conflict between Hegel and Schleiermacher
     2. Understanding the Historic Individual outside the
         Boundaries of Idealism. Leopold von Ranke
     3. Understanding and Erlebnis. Wilhelm Dilthey
               a) The Methodology of the Sciences of Spirit
                    between Hegel and Dilthey
               b) Hegel in Dilthey
s Hermeneutical Interpretation

Chapter Four
Objectivity in the Sciences of Spirit

     1. Hermann Lotze. The Aesthetic Foundation of Axiology
               a) From the Aesthetic Beauty to
                    Beauty as an Axiological Model
               b) The Relationship between Absolute and
                    Teleological Idealism
     2. From Windelband to Rickert
               a) The Nomothetic-Idiographic Dichotomy
               b) Gnoseological Axiology and History. Heinrich Rickert
               c) Begriffsbildung and the Critical Philosophy of History
     3. Max Weber. The Problem of Objectivity

Chapter Five
Hegelian Echoes in the Late 19th Century

     1. The Concept of Spirit and the Formation
         of Sociology. Émile Durkheim
     2. Ernst Cassirer. The Dialectics of Symbolic Forms

67


67

76
84

84
90


99

99

99

104
106
106
111
115
119


125


125
126
Chapter Six
General Dialectics-Regional Dialectics. Karl Marx

     1. Continuities and Discontinuities between Marx and Hegel
     2. The Critical Concept of Alienation

Chapter Seven
The Categories of Spiritual Being. Nicolai Hartmann

Chapter Eight
Experience and Truth. H.-G. Gadamer
     1. The Ontology of the Hermeneutic Object
               a) Physical Phenomenon-Hermeneutic Phenomenon
               b) Everydayness as the Initial Moment of Dialectical   
                    Hermeneutics
     2. Methodological Issues. New Shapes of Dialectics
               a) Understanding-Dialectics-Dialogue
               b) The Perfectibility of Comprehension.
                    The Problem of Spurious Infinity
     3. The Reconfiguration of the Subject-Object Relationship.
         The Hermeneutic Subject
               a) Hegel’s Criticism Against the Kantian Subject-Object
                    Separation
               b) The Temporality of the Subject
               c) The Subjectness of the Subject
     4. Experience and Truth
               a) The Hermeneutic Concept of Experience
               b) Language and Universality
               c) The Experience of Truth and the Truth of Experience

137

137
156


173


181
181
181

188
199
199

211

216

216
222
226
236
236
242
246
Chapter Nine
The Speculative Theory of the Sciences of Spirit

     1. The Interconnected Principles of the Philosophy
         of History (Nicolai Hartmann)
     Additions
     2. The Theory of the Concept
               a) Concept's Movement towards
                    Absolute Knowledge
               b) From Erinnerung to All-Encompassment
     3. The Logic of Concept as a Principle of Understanding   
         Universal History and the Evolution of the State    
     Additions
     4. The Philosophy of Right, Uniqueness and
         the End of History
     5. Agency and Freedom in History

257


260
264
269

269
277

280
287

289
294
307

319
Conclusions

Bibliography
Arts & Humanities
Philosophy
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